What is Charbagh Landscape fashion?

I came across this term in reference to a garden (Mehtab Bagh) situated across the way from the Taj Mahal….with no idea what it meant, I investigated.
I found a great website about Indian architecture that had this to say:

Fergusson, who chronicled Indian architecture, called the temple architectural style of the Middle Ages, the Chalukyan style, after the dynasty that ruled during that period. This name is not used anymore. n Char bagh gThe square garden. Char Bagh, an Islamic design, is a large square garden dvided into four smaller quadrants and water channels.

You can see the four quadrants in the plan for a Char Bagh style roof garden at the Ismaili Center in South Kensington, London.

“In Islamic style of architecture, the garden is not just another feature but has a well-defined meaning and it symbolizes the spirituality. According to the Holy Koran, a garden is symbolic of paradise. In Islam, it is believed that there are four rivers in paradise, one of water, other of milk, the third of wine, and fourth of honey. From this concept the Charbagh style of garden planning took root”.

The Ksar Char-Bagh Hotel beautifully used this design concept for the grounds of the hotel in Marrakech, Morocco.

SpaWorld has this description:

“There is water all around Ksar Char-Bagh a moat at the entrance, irrigation canals running around the gardens and grounds, the fountains, flowing over pebbles next to the stairs to the suites for Char-Bagh is the place in the Garden of Paradise where all the rivers meet.”

charbagh hotel morocco
charbagh hotel morocco
charbagh hotel morocco
Add it to the list of places to go….

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rochelle greayer

Hi, I'm Rochelle and for 18 years I have worked as a landscape designer, author/writer, and design teacher. I've designed residential and hospitality (for hotels, restaurants, and spas) gardens across the USA and in the UK, Europe and the Middle East. After many years of teaching garden design topics in person, I launched the PITH + VIGOR Boot Camp series in early 2018. Through my blog, social media, and online courses (Garden Design Bootcamp and Planting Design Boot Camp) I aim to help homeowners learn how to confidently design and create home gardens that reflect their own personal and unique style.


  1. Tom Turner on November 4, 2008 at 11:57 am

    The photographs are attractive and persuasive. Unlike so much of the architecture in Islamic countries they are context-sensitive, both climatically and culturally, though they are also something of a cliche!

  2. Administrator on November 6, 2008 at 7:02 am

    yeah, you might have a point about the cliche nature of the design, but I think it is still quite beautiful and worth a visit.

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