Garden Design Basics: Serpentine Walls

Serpentine Walls  – Also Known As Crinkle Crankle Walls

What is that?  I love the names for things in gardening and garden design.  My husband is forever accusing me of making things up — the latest Latin…Kirengeshoma palmata (he thinks I made that name up), now this morning…crinkle crankle walls….No, I am not making this up.

Garden Design Basics - Serpentine Wall


Other names for it are ‘serpentine walls’ or ‘ribbon walls’ which are perhaps somewhat more descriptive.  But in many places (particularly in England) they are called Crinkle Crankle Walls.  They are also found in the Netherlands (having thought to originate there in the 16th century) where they are called slange muur—snaking wall.

Garden Design Basics - Serpentine Wall


Crinkle Crankle walls have curving lines following a serpentine path rather than a straight line. This layout gives the construction added strength and does away with the need for buttressing.  Strength is the primary reason that they exist – the curvy walls are stronger against lateral forces that push against them. In order to get a strong straight wall, buttresses are required as well as multiple layers of materials.  These walls are built with a single layer of brick and are narrower (using less material) but are stronger.
crinkle crankle wall serpentine wall slange muur snaking wall brick wall construction

Serpentine walls are also frequently used in conjunction with growing fruit as it is thought that the curve of the wall traps and radiate the rays of the sun, which assist the fruit in growing and ripening in a short season.

These walls have be constructed throughout history and are still very relevant for modern garden makers.  Why?

  1. Serpentine walls are beautiful
  2. They are more economical (due to less materials used) than standard straight walls.
  3. They help plants grow by reflecting heat and creating effective microclimates.

Read more: crinkle-crankle wall – slange muur, Encyclopaedia of Gardening – Fruit, Gardens, Built, Designed, Found, and 18th

So this is a new regular feature here.  My husband insists that is should be called “WTF is that?” While I agree, that does seem the perfect name, I am struggling to commit to the ‘F’.   I am an avid ‘F’ user but to have it as the title of a regular post seems a little unprofessional and pushing decorum slightly too far.  But then I think, WTF?  What do you think?   Anyway, here is the new feature — maybe you can help me decide what the name should be.

Update: I’ve opted instead to go with the much more helpful title – Garden Design Basics.  There is a whole series of these posts on the way!

images by the vintage cottage, *Notes , bluesoccerelephant

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rochelle greayer

Hi, I'm Rochelle and for 18 years I have worked as a landscape designer, author/writer, and design teacher. I've designed residential and hospitality (for hotels, restaurants, and spas) gardens across the USA and in the UK, Europe and the Middle East. After many years of teaching garden design topics in person, I launched the PITH + VIGOR Boot Camp series in early 2018. Through my blog, social media, and online courses (Garden Design Bootcamp and Planting Design Boot Camp) I aim to help homeowners learn how to confidently design and create home gardens that reflect their own personal and unique style.


  1. ModFruGal on August 30, 2010 at 8:56 am

    WTH as a compromise…you can even sub hell for heck? Love the curves.

  2. linda on August 30, 2010 at 9:31 am

    what the flora?

  3. [email protected] on August 30, 2010 at 10:44 am

    Eh, I don’t like it as a title for a couple of reasons. Most importantly, I think that while we all use that expression, it’s usually in regard to something that we don’t like, or at least think is really weird. The point of this new feature seems to be informative, but not negatively judgmental, so I don’t think it’s appropriate. Secondly, while some bloggers write in a slangy style (like ModFruGal for example), you generally don’t. It seems a little out of character, title-wise. Anyway, I like the content– I’ve heard serpentine wall, but never Crinkle Crankle.

  4. Louise on August 30, 2010 at 3:19 pm

    Interesting post, R., Did you know that Thomas Jefferson designed and built serpentine walls on the campus of U. of Virginia in Charlottesville 160 years ago?
    and a lovely and cool interpretation of the crinkle-crankle was designed by Andy Goldsworthy at Storm King Art Center.

    Loved you images.

  5. Amanda Thomsen on August 30, 2010 at 4:12 pm

    Love “WTF?” but…. that’s just me…

    • rochelle on August 30, 2010 at 9:23 pm

      Modfrugal — so funny you say that…I told my husband that I thought I should use WTH (even before your comment)– he told me that would be ‘internet dorky’ and I shouldn’t….but with backing now I am tempted….
      Linda — of course, I meant what the flora….
      Sasha….love your thoughtful response…you are right…be myself…and write my normal way…but sometimes, I write an awful lot like I speak…but when I read how I speak, I realize that I can (and should) speak better….
      Louise…no, I didn’t know that — once again you always share the most interesting stuff….and even more apropos, I have been planning a daily garden post about Thomas Jefferson’s garden….but didn’t know that there were crinkle crankle walls…

  6. jamie on August 30, 2010 at 9:49 pm

    WTF- your husband is right…you did make up kirenshoma (Kirengeshoma palmata).

    • rochelle on August 31, 2010 at 6:14 am

      touche jamie 😉

  7. Loree / danger garden on September 1, 2010 at 12:02 pm

    I really enjoyed your naming dilemma. I wanted to start a regular feature called WTF too, but then I envisioned having to explain what that meant to my mother, or mother in law and decided against it. Instead I settled on WWTT…or ‘what were they thinking’. It’s turned into a code speak between my husband and I, which can come in really handy in a group situation. Of course I do use it a little more like [email protected] observed.

    I just found your blog…love it!